Luminosity, movement, realism, and montage are four traits that distinguish motion-picture media from other mediums for works of art, either in degree or kind.


The high brightness of the image projected onto a covered screen by strong light alters even the most commonplace aspect of reality. Advertisers’ efforts to generate brilliant effects in posters and displays speak to the attractiveness of a glowing image. The motion-picture image’s brightness also results in a wide range of tones, from the brightest highlight to the deepest darkness. Therefore, the most subtle visual gradations are feasible in both black-and-white and colour films.


Movement is an evident component of the motion picture that its primary importance is frequently overlooked. The motion picture shares many characteristics with the graphic arts. Still, the addition of movement alters it, allowing a narrative or drama to unfold in time in a manner that no other form of visual art can. The movement must be considered continually in filmmaking and film appreciation: motion picture composition is kinetic rather than static. It’s not a single colour that matters, but the overall impact, and it’s not a single circumstance that matters, but a building storyline. A motion picture’s composition inside each frame, or exposure, is just as significant as its relationship to those that come before and after it.


Another important feature of a motion-picture image is that it conveys a sense of realism. This sensation of realism derived from motion-picture photography accounts for much of the impact of motion pictures, whether in a play staged deliberately for the camera or in a documentary film of an incident at which the camera happened to be present. Animated films that lack this photographic realism are sometimes dismissed as delusions.