The filmmaker can alter the camera’s neutrality and, therefore, the “reality” transmitted to the spectator in various ways. The motion picture becomes such an expressive medium partly because of these technologies. Several of these methods of expression should be highlighted. The first is framing, which entails carefully picking what will be included and removed from each film frame. Second, scale refers to the size and positioning of a certain item or section of a scene about the rest of the image, as defined by the camera’s position. The third factor is camera movement, or the lack thereof, throughout the filming process. Fourth, you may make use of the unique benefits of either colour or black-and-white photography. Finally, other extremely expressive approaches can be created through the cinematographer’s talent and knowledge of laboratory operations. The next sections will go through each of these modes of expression.


The purpose of framing is to remove what is unnecessary from a film, focus the audience’s attention on what is significant, and give it unique significance and impact. In the same way as the frame of a painting encloses the space in which the image must be structured, each frame of film, which matches in shape to the picture displayed on the screen, creates the basis for a graphic composition.

The movie-going experience

Motion picture viewing started as a one-person event. Soon after, the invention of motion-picture projection converted the medium into a type of theatrical entertainment that huge groups of people could enjoy at the same time. By the end of the twentieth century, new technologies had enabled a broad range of watching possibilities, from a single viewer at home to crowds of thousands in a single venue or millions across several locations.